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Paulo Freire

The Global Legacy


Edited By Michael A. Peters and Tina Besley

This collection is the first book devoted to Paulo Freire’s ongoing global legacy to provide an analysis of the continuing relevance and significance of Freire’s work and the impact of his global legacy. The book contains essays by some of the world’s foremost Freire scholars – McLaren, Darder, Roberts, and others – as well as chapters by scholars and activists, including the Maori scholars Graham Hingangaroa Smith and Russell Bishop, who detail their work with the indigenous people of Aotearoa-New Zealand. The book contains a foreword by Nita Freire as well as chapters from scholars around the world including Latin America, Asia, the United States, United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia. With a challenging introduction from the editors, Michael A. Peters and Tina Besley, this much-awaited addition to the Freire archive is highly recommended reading for all students and scholars interested in Freire, global emancipatory politics, and the question of social justice in education.
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Chapter Twenty-Four: A Freirean Approach to Internationalization in Higher Education Within the Context of Globalization



A Freirean Approach to Internationalization in Higher Education Within the Context of Globalization



Internationalization in higher education is a phenomenon with which universities have been grappling for more than two and a half decades. Much has been written from varying perspectives about what constitutes the internationalization of a university and how “internationalized” activities can be facilitated. However, many writers have expressed concerns that universities still do not understand the true meaning of internationalization, and confusion exists between the concepts of internationalization and globalization (Bartlett, 2005; Bond, 2003; Hanson, 2010; Knight, 1997; Mestenhauser, 1998). The question often asked is: Are there differences between these two phenomena, or are they one and the same? Altbach and Knight (2007) are of the view that universities often see internationalization as synonymous with globalization, but suggest that although these two concepts are closely linked, they are different. These writers see globalization as the context in which internationalization takes place. Allen and Ogilvie (2004), differentiating between globalization and internationalization, note that “although linked, internationalization and globalization are different phenomena rather than interchangeable terms” (p. 73). Knight (2004) describes the connectedness between internationalization and globalization as the significant changes they each bring about in the way education is conceived and delivered. She says that ← 379 | 380 → “internationalization is changing the world of higher education and globalization is changing the world of internationalization” (p. 5).

Hanson (2010) notes that “globalization is a multifaceted...

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