The Global Legacy
Chapter Twenty-Four: A Freirean Approach to Internationalization in Higher Education Within the Context of Globalization
A Freirean Approach to Internationalization in Higher Education Within the Context of Globalization
Internationalization in higher education is a phenomenon with which universities have been grappling for more than two and a half decades. Much has been written from varying perspectives about what constitutes the internationalization of a university and how “internationalized” activities can be facilitated. However, many writers have expressed concerns that universities still do not understand the true meaning of internationalization, and confusion exists between the concepts of internationalization and globalization (Bartlett, 2005; Bond, 2003; Hanson, 2010; Knight, 1997; Mestenhauser, 1998). The question often asked is: Are there differences between these two phenomena, or are they one and the same? Altbach and Knight (2007) are of the view that universities often see internationalization as synonymous with globalization, but suggest that although these two concepts are closely linked, they are different. These writers see globalization as the context in which internationalization takes place. Allen and Ogilvie (2004), differentiating between globalization and internationalization, note that “although linked, internationalization and globalization are different phenomena rather than interchangeable terms” (p. 73). Knight (2004) describes the connectedness between internationalization and globalization as the significant changes they each bring about in the way education is conceived and delivered. She says that ← 379 | 380 → “internationalization is changing the world of higher education and globalization is changing the world of internationalization” (p. 5).