09 Gutturals and Resch
The gutturals—Alef (א), He (ה), Chet (ח) and Ajin (ע) —were hardly still pronounced as guttural sounds at the time of the Masoretes. The Masoretes have tried to preserve them as consonants and for that reason used special rules of vocalization with them and in part also with Resch (ר) .
09.1 Disappearance of Vowels
With gutturals, the Chatéf vowels stand instead of Schwa mobile:
Gutturals and Resch have no Dagesch forte.1 Instead of doubling, compensatory lengthening or virtual doubling occurs.
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