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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew

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Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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12 Noun Companions

Extract



12.1 Article

The article is proclitic: It connects with the following word to form a unit.1

Normal Form

The normal form of the article is: He with Patach and following Dagesch forte: הַ.

With words that begin with the prefix יְ or מְ, most of the time the Dagesch forte is missing in the first consonant (→ § 5.2).

Before Gutturals

If the word begins with a guttural or Resch, compensatory lengthening (to הָ or הֶ) or virtual doubling (to הַ) occurs instead of doubling the first consonant (→ § 9).

הָ:

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