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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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13 Clause Introducers


13.1 The Conjunction ו (Waw copulativum)

Normal Form as Prefix

The conjunction ו (“and/but/that”) is combined to form a unit with the following word (proclitic). Normal form: upbeat syllable with Schwa mobile:

The connection with the following word is partly the same as with the prepositions ב, ל and כ (→ § 12.3).

Different than with ב, ל, כ

13.2 Relative Particle שֶׁ (Schin prefix)

Above all in poetry and later prose, Schin prefix occurs with the same meaning as אֲשֶׁר:

In the first letter of the following word stands Dagesch forte.

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