24 Verbs: General Comments on Formation
A root (hebr.: שֹׁ֫רֶשׁ) is the unit of (most of the time) three consonants, from which one can reduce all forms of a word of same or similar meaning.1
A radical is an individual consonant of a root (lat.: “radix”).
A group of verb forms that have the same way of formation is called a stem. In a stem, the fundamental meaning of a root is modified in particularly regular ways (→ § 29).2
“Conjugation,” “stem modification” or “Binyanim” (בִּנְיָנִים, singular: בִּינְיָן) are other technical terms for the “stems” of a verb.
The base stem of a verb is the one that carries the simple, unmodified, active meaning, and is called “Qal” (hebr. קַל = “simple”).
24.2 Existence of Forms
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