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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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29 The Derived Stems of the Verb


29.1 Function

Through regular change of the base stem’s form, the meaning of a verb can be modified.1

Seven derived stems (stem modifications, Binyanim, conjugations) are used most frequently. Stems that only appear occasionally are referred to on a case by case basis (→ e.g. §§ 39.6, 41.8, 42.8).

All seven stems are not supported for every root. As a result, the lexicon only gives information for each one that exists. In principle, all verb forms can appear in each stem. The passive stems Pu‘al and Hof‘al have no imperatives.

29.2 Overview

29.3 The Names of the Stems

The base stem is called Qal (hebr. קַל “simple”). The names of the remaining stems are derived from the verb פעל “to do”: The form of פעל in the 3ms AC of the stem in question serves as its name.

Nif‘al — נִפְעַל

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