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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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33 Verb Forms with Suffixes


33.1 Use

Suffixes on finite verb forms represent the (accusative) object. For that reason, they only appear with transitive verbs, thus also only in the transitive stems Qal, Pi‘el, and Hif‘il.1

Suffixes on the verb cannot apply back to the subject of the same clause (reflexive). For that reason, suffixes of the 1st and 2nd person do not appear on verb forms of the 1st or 2nd person. Reflexive relationships are expressed through the reflexive stems Nif‘al and Hithpa‘el.

33.2 Forms

The forms of the suffixes are basically the same on a nominal, particle, and verb (→ § 11).


Connecting Vowels

Between a verb form ending with a consonant and a suffix beginning with a consonant, a connecting vowel is inserted. Connecting vowels are: a in the perfect, e or ä in the forms of the imperfect class.

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