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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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34 Strong Verbs with Gutturals


34.1 General Comments

When the Masoretes have applied particular rules of vocalization with the gutturals (or laryngeals), forms of strong verbs with gutturals sound in part different than the “normal” forms (→ § 9).

Depending on which radical is a guttural, these verbs are classified into “primae gutturalis” (1st radical), “mediae gutturalis” (2nd radical), and “tertiae gutturalis” (3rd radical) verbs.

Special Features

The special features of verbs with gutturals are (→ § 09):

• preference for the vowel a (with Alef also ä),

• Schwa compositum (Chatef vowel) instead of Schwa mobile (Schwa simplex),

• breaking up of closed syllables,

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