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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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35 Weak Verbs with Alef as the 1st Radical (פ״א verbs)


35.1 Existence

Only 8 verbs with Alef (א) as the 1st radical have weak forms: דבא “to destroy,” הבא “to want,” לכא “to eat,” רמא “to say,” הפא “to bake,” בהא “to love,”1 זחא “to grasp,” ףסא “to gather.” The last three form strong and weak forms.

35.2 Forms

א״פ weak forms appear only in the Qal imperfect, also in the infinitive with רמא. The analysis of the weak forms is not difficult: the Alef is almost always written.2

Overview of Qal PC


The 1st radical א quiesces (is silent). Long o3 stands in the preformative syllable that is now open. The imperfect vowel o (< u) is replaced through one of the other imperfect vowels (a or e). In the form of the 1st person singular, after the preformative consonant א, the א of the root is only written once.


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