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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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36 Weak Verbs with Nun as the 1st Radical (פ״נ Verbs)


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36 Weak Verbs with Nun as the 1st Radical (נ״פ Verbs)

With weak forms of נ״פ verbs, the 1st radical either assimilates or falls out.

36.1 Forms with Assimilation


A נ (Nun) at the end of a syllable has assimilated with the following consonant, which therefore appears doubled (Dagesch forte). For that reason, with Pe-Nun, weak forms appear in every place where the 1st radical closes a preformative syllable. And this is the case in the Qal imperfect, in the Nif‘al perfect, and in the entire Hif‘il and Hof‘al. A feature of the weak forms is a Dagesch forte in the first visible radical.1

Overview of Assimilation with I-נ Verbs

II-guttural verbs keep the Nun, thus forming no weak forms. (Ni “to regret”) with virtual doubling is an exception. ← 105 | 106 →

36.2 Tables of the Qal PC

36.3 Weak Imperatives and Infinitives

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