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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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38 Weak Verbs with Original Waw as the 1st Radical (פ״ו Verbs)


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38 Weak Verbs with Original Waw as the 1st Radical (ו״פ Verbs)

In initial position, Waw has become Jod. As a result, the פ״ו verbs are listed in the lexicon under Jod (י). Waw appears as a consonant only in the imperfect class of the Nif‘al and sometimes in the Hithpael.2

There are weak forms where the 1st radical closes a preformative syllable (Qal PC, Nif‘al AC, in the entire Hif‘il and Hof‘al → § 36.1) and also with a few verbs appearing very frequently in the Qal imperative and infinitive (→ § 36.3).

38.1 Qal Forms—Overview

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38.2 Qal Forms

with i

Verbs with the imperfect vowel a form the same forms as the Pe-Jod verbs (→ § 37): long, unchangeable i always stands in the open preformative syllable in the Qal; the second vowel a is changeable.

with e

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