44 Types of Clauses
For grammatical analysis we usually subdivide texts into smaller units, which we call “clauses.” In this grammar it has not been attempted to define what a clause is. We know intuitively what a clause is, and this is sufficient to make grammatically practical statements.
The quoted section of text from Genesis 1 is organized according to the parts of the text that we intuitively take as clauses.1 If for the moment “clauses” i (כִּי־טוֹב) and o (יוֹם אֶחָד) are ignored, then two types can clearly be distinguished: ← 138 | 139 →
A does B
Type 1: All words in the vicinity of a finite verb that can be related to this verb belong to a clause. One such clause makes a statement of the type: “A does B.” Such a clause can be called a “verbal clause.” The boundary between two clauses is the boundary between the catchment area of both verbs.
A is B
The other type of clause consists of two nominals or groups of nominals, which are applied to one another in such a way that a statement occurs of the type “A is B.” At the same time, the place that must be filled in a German clause by a form of the helping verb “sein” is not filled in the Hebrew clause: “A—B.” Such a clause can be called a “nominal clause.” To such a clause belong all words that...
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