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Grammar of Biblical Hebrew


Wolfgang Schneider

Although Wolfgang Schneider’s Grammatik des biblischen Hebräisch: Ein Lehrbuch serves primarily as an introductory textbook to biblical Hebrew, it makes an invaluable contribution to the text-linguistic study of Hebrew Bible. Schneider’s understanding of narrative syntax and discourse linguistics continues to influence such grammarians as Niccacci and Talstra, through whom his work is validated. His discussion of clauses and text syntax remains pertinent to Hebrew students and professors alike. With this English translation, Schneider’s work may now make a worldwide contribution to biblical studies by clarifying for the student the contribution of text grammar to the reading of the biblical text.
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50 Extensions of the Verbal Part of the Clause


50.1 Objects

The verbal part of a clause (finite and nominal forms) can have with it a nominal as direct object (“accusative”), which gives the object of the action.


The particle אֵת/אֶת־ (sign of the accusative → § 12.4) can make a direct object identifiable, but it only stands before definite objects (a) and is rare in poetry. If אֵת is missing, the function of such a nominal as an object must be deduced from the context, above all from the meaning of the verb (b).

Like verbal-substantives (→ § 49), substantives that are derived from verbs can also have objects with them (c).

Pronominal Objects (Suffixes)

Pronominal objects are added as suffixes onto the verb form (d) or onto the particle אֵת (e). The object from the preceding clause does not have to be repeated as a pronoun (e).

Special Cases

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