Chapter Eight: International NGOs, Global Poverty, and the Representations of Children
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International NGOs, Global Poverty and the Representations of Children
International charities or non-governmental organisations (NGOs) bring us a range of messages about global poverty through our letter boxes, newspapers, television screens, and other media. How do they help us visualise and understand global poverty? How do we connect them with our own lives? This chapter draws on a larger study on the media role of UK-based international development NGOs (INGOs) such as Oxfam, Save the Children, ActionAid, Christian Aid, Plan, World Vision, and War on Want (Dogra, 2014).
The analysis of a full annual cycle of INGOs’ recent public messages demonstrates that they construct, and connect, the ‘first world’ or developed world and the ‘third world’ or majority world of developing countries, mainly of Asia, Africa and South America, through a double logic of ‘difference’ and ‘oneness’. This dualism enables them to show the global poor as different and distant from the developed world and yet like us by virtue of their humanity. INGOs’ messages project many colonial discourses even as they ironically erase this period of our connected history and its legacies which continue to shape existing global economic structures, power relations, and the current state of poverty and prosperity across various regions. Shared histories are erased and replaced by shared humanity. Theorised in particular ways, the dualism is projected and reconciled across varied axes and a range of representations of people, space and issues....
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