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← 168 | 169 →Notes
1. The strange resistance of critics who observe African American fiction is clear when John F. Callahan’s 1988 In the African-American Grain, The Pursuit of Voice in Twentieth-Century Black Fiction, for example, did not mention Morrison. Instead Callahan used as writers more contemporary than Ellison (Ellison’s Invisible Man is the fulcrum of this study) both Alice Walker and Sherley Anne Williams. As Charles Scruggs pointed out in 1993, “The line from Native Son to Invisible Man and Go Tell It on the Mountain is direct …. From the publication of Go Tell It on the Mountain in 1953 to the publication of Toni Morrison’s first novel, The Bluest Eye, in 1970, there is a gap of seventeen years.” (Sweet Home 167–8).
1. Often referred to as “Chloe Anthony,” this is probably her real given name—though sometimes spelled “Ardellia”; as was the custom in the 1950s, Toni Morrison took her husband’s surname when she married. The impact of “Toni Morrison” evidently pleased her, though the grandmother for whom the “Ardelia” stood was much beloved. Morrison says she had never given her publisher a title page for The Bluest Eye, so she was surprised to see her name as Toni Morrison. In her Bigsby interview, she said at that time she was always “Chloe [Wofford] … I certainly wanted my father’s name on there.” (Bigsby 272).
← 169 | 170 → 2. One of Morrison’s poignant scenes, marked as much by silence as by language, shows Pecola...
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