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Hispanic (LGT) Masculinities in Transition


Edited By Rafael M. Mérida-Jiménez

The objective of Hispanic (LGT) Masculinities in Transition is to investigate the cultural representations/intersections of masculinity and sexual minorities (lesbians, gays, and transgenders) in Spain between the passing of the Law of Social Dangerousness and Social Rehabilitation (1970) and the reform of the Penal Code in 1995. In order to meet this aim, this volume analyzes the artistic production of a number of Spanish and Latin American male and female individuals who, first, were able to question the structures of control and domination in Spain in the last years of Franco’s dictatorship; second, were able to open up new horizons of freedom in the context of the criminalization of the previous decades; and, third, were able to bring about new models of masculinity that were more egalitarian during the first years of the new democracy.
More specifically, Hispanic (LGT) Masculinities in Transition will interlink the fields of political and historical change and artistic production in order to assess whether cultural representations can be understood as mere reflections of social and political change. In terms of the materials being examined, these are, in the first instance, literary, although other narratives are also addressed (filmic production and plastic arts). This volume is essential reading for professors and students of contemporary Spanish history and culture, as well as for those interested in lesbian, gay, transgender, and masculinity issues.
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5—Queer Pastoral: Rural Homoeroticism on Film during the Early Years of the Spanish Transition


The political transition brought a number of changes with impact on politics, society, cultural attitudes, and representation in the arts in general and film in particular.1 Central to these is the end of censorship legislation in April 1977: suddenly, novelists, filmmakers were able to depict “more” things, to explore aspects of reality that had not been allowed by the regime. Topics could be broached, historical facts could be brought to light and bodies could be exposed. But beyond the events and subjects of representation, more subtle changes in perspective broadened the range in terms of re-signification: certain signifiers with fixed meanings during Francoism, could now be presented in different ways, sometimes to say exactly the opposite. This process of re-signification was one of the ways in which Francoist ideologies could be challenged and “new,” more libertarian ones were put in place. “Religion” or “youth” are obvious examples of this process. In this chapter I will focus on one such process of re-signification, that of the idea of the aldea (“village”) or rural enclave, particularly as it was represented in connection to changing notions of sexuality.

Films of the late seventies show the Spanish rural life literally expanding, being re-drawn in its meanings and implications. Always subject to the logic of metaphor (as in the Generación del 98 musing on the Castilian landscape) representation of rural life had been for decades subject to strict ideological discourses. In a country that until the 1950s was demographically more rural than...

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