Critical Questions, New Imaginaries and Social Activism: A Reader
Edited By Marianne N. Bloch, Beth Blue Swadener and Gaile S. Cannella
The book is filled with recent scholarship by leading authors in the reconceptualization and rethinking of childhood studies and early childhood fields, who discuss foundational debates, new imaginaries in theory and practice and activist scholarship. A must-read for graduate students and professionals interested in beginning or continuing critical interrogations of current early childhood policy and reforms globally.
Chapter Seventeen: Bring Back the Asylum: Reimagining Inclusion in the Presence of Others
Bring Back the Asylum: Reimagining Inclusion in the Presence of Others
Gail Boldt and Joseph Michael Valente
How to educate children with disabilities has been debated against the backdrop of larger cultural understandings of inclusion and exclusion. Garland-Thomson (2001) argues that disability can be understood as the marker of differences from bodily or behavioral cultural norms and expectations. Although differences in the traits, experiences, and desires of people who may share a particular marker can be vast, this diverse set of people is typically identified as a group based on the perceived “abnormality.” Disability is not the impairment or difference that is marked however, but is rather located in oppressive and exclusionary beliefs and practices of cultures (Reid & Knight, 2006; Stiker, 1999). Historically, abledness in gendered, raced, classed, modified, and otherwise marked bodies has produced powerful justifications for inequalities (Baynton, 2001; Campbell, 2009; Garland-Thomson, 1996, 2001; McRuer & Bérubé, 2006; Snyder & Mitchell, 2006; Stiker, 1999, 2007). The traits of an inclusive society can be evidenced by how “people ‘live everyday life as an everyday thing, with and in the presence of special, specific human beings who are our disabled equals’” (Masschelein & Verstraete, 2012 citing Stiker 1997, p. 11, emphasis added).
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