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From Education to Incarceration

Dismantling the School-to-Prison Pipeline, Second Edition


Edited By Anthony J. Nocella II, Priya Parmar and David Stovall

The school-to-prison pipeline is a national concern, from the federal to local governments, and a leading topic in conversations in the field of urban education and juvenile justice. From Education to Incarceration: Dismantling the School-to-Prison Pipeline is a ground-breaking book that exposes the school system's direct relationship to the juvenile justice system. The book reveals various tenets contributing to unnecessary expulsions, leaving youth vulnerable to the streets and, ultimately, behind bars. From Education to Incarceration is a must-read for parents, teachers, law enforcement, judges, lawyers, administrators, and activists concerned with and involved in the juvenile justice and school system. The contributors are leading scholars in their fields and experts on the school-to-prison pipeline.
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Chapter Thirteen: Transforming Justice and Hip Hop Activism in Action



Conflict and injustice are common in all schools because schools are microcosms of society. Therefore, it is surprising and disappointing that teachers, administrators, counselors, and staff are not required to take courses on how to manage, resolve, and/or transform conflict in schools—from kindergarten to the twelfth grade and beyond. This lack of conflict transformation knowledge is painfully evident. For example, in response to Adam Lanza’s shootings at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, in 2012, where he killed twenty-six people including twenty children, the National Rifle Association (NRA) recommended placing armed guards in every school around the country. So, in the eyes of the NRA, gun violence should be countered with more guns. In many economically marginalized, isolated, and disinvested urban communities of color in the United States, this answer is already a reality, including cameras in every corner of the building and metal detectors at every entrance. So far, this solution doesn’t seem to be working.

Famed public intellectual Cornel West recognizes this reality and wonders why there is so much outrage and sorrow when white children are shot, but so little outrage and sorrow when youth of color are shot, which, unfortunately, occurs much more regularly. In the wake of the Newtown shooting, West states, “Not a ← 210 | 211 → mumbling word when the black folk getting shot. But now Newtown, CT, vanilla side, low and behold. … We have a major conversation. That’s wonderful. Each life is precious, but it...

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