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What Is Film?


Julie N. Books

In What Is Film?, Julie N. Books critically evaluates three philosophical doctrines of film realism (transparency, illusionism, and perceptual realism) and defends her view that films are creative works of art. By examining contemporary films, such as computer-animated films and films with computer-generated images, Dr. Books shows how films are creative works of art, thereby undermining the long-held view that films are slavish recordings of reality. This book is ideal for academics and courses on the philosophy of film, film theory, film history, filmmaking, metaphysics, and the philosophy of art.
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4 Summarizing the Doctrines of Film Realism


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Summarizing the Doctrines of Film Realism

To prepare the way for the improved version of film realism that I shall subsequently present, I will now summarize the strengths and weaknesses I find in the three doctrines of film realism that I have previously discussed. An improved theory should be able to retain what is acceptable about each doctrine, abandon what is unacceptable, and formulate a position that is otherwise consistent with our film-viewing experience. The theory I shall present in the next chapter has these virtues.

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