Edited By Jon F. Nussbaum
Chapter Eight: The Digital Bridge into Adulthood: Media Uses and Effects in Adolescence
← 158 | 159 → CHAPTER EIGHT
Media Uses and Effects in Adolescence
PIOTR S. BOBKOWSKI AND AUTUMN SHAFER
Occupying the transition between childhood and emerging adulthood, adolescence is marked by considerable biological, cognitive, emotional, and social development (Susman & Rogol, 2004). With pubertal changes—linear growth, sexual maturation, brain development, and so on—taking place in the backdrop, adolescents negotiate their identities, aspirations, and shifting positions within familial, peer, environmental, and cultural spheres. Media constitute one source on which adolescents rely to better understand themselves, the world around them, and their place in it. This chapter focuses on some of the ways in which the media influence well-being during adolescence.
Adolescents spend much of their out-of-school time using media. A 2009 study showed that U.S. youth (8- to 18-year-olds) used media an average of 11 hours each day (Rideout, Foehr, & Roberts, 2010). This included four daily hours of watching television, more than three hours of listening to music, and nearly two hours using the phone (i.e., texting and talking). To accomplish all this, adolescents engaged in media multitasking 29% of the time. Adolescents have been among the early adopters of social media. According to 2012 data, 95% of American adolescents (12 to 17 years old) used the Internet, and of these, 76% had a Facebook account (Madden, Lenhart, Cortesi, et al., 2013). Teens’ media use may continue to rise as mobile media devices become ubiquitous. In 2012, 37% of 12- to 17-year-olds owned smartphones, and 25% said that they...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.