Edited By Jon F. Nussbaum
Chapter Ten: Adolescent Online Friendship and Peer Relationships
← 194 | 195 → CHAPTER TEN
KEVIN B. WRIGHT AND SHAWN KING
New communication technologies, such as the Internet, smartphones, tablets as well as a variety of social media platforms, including Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and text messaging, have increased in popularity among adolescents in the United States in recent years (Pierce, 2009; Valkenburg & Peter, 2011). For example, over 65% of adolescents in 2009 had at least one social network site profile compared to only 35% of online adults (Jones & Fox, 2009). Not only are young people the early adopters of most new technologies, they are also among the more sophisticated users of it as well. While during the 1990s adolescents tended to use the Internet more for entertainment, since 2005 they have increasingly been using it primarily for interpersonal relationships (Pierce, 2009; Valkenburg & Peter, 2007, 2011). Moreover, the proliferation of the wireless Internet and social media platforms has given adolescents new ways to talk with their friends or make new friends.
This has led to a relatively large amount of research on adolescent social media use and relational development/maintenance over the past decade by communication scholars and other social scientists (boyd, 2007; Davis, 2010; Lenhart, Madden, Macgill, & Smith, 2007; Valkenburg & Peter, 2007, 2011). These studies indicate that these technological innovations have impacted friendship-peer relationships among adolescents in a multitude of ways. For example, new communication technologies are often associated with a number of positive aspects for adolescents. These include online contexts for the development and maintenance ← 195...
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