Edited By William M. Reynolds
Chapter Fifteen: In the Shadows of the New South: Latinos and Modern Southern Apartheid
In the Shadows of the New South: Latinos and Modern Southern Apartheid
DAVID M. CALLEJO PÉREZ
In 2010 the U.S. South had the overall largest percentage growth in the Latino population of any region in the nation. (Lopez & Dockerman, 2011; Pew Hispanic Trust, 2012). This has resulted in increased policing of the Latino population with the passage of legislation that creates barriers to schooling, postsecondary education, and employment. This chapter explores the phenomena of the legal segregation that not only violates Latinos’ civil rights but also embraces a discourse from the segregated post–WWII New South that was the impetus for the “massive resistance” during the Second Reconstruction. Social conflict was a major result of the revolutionary changes that occurred after the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and the Civil Rights Movement’s growth from a local to a national movement (Callejo Pérez, 2001, 2005, 2013a; Dittmer, 1995).
The U.S. South had always seen itself as a distinct place (Callejo Pérez, 2004; Cobb, 1992), once associated with country music, evangelicalism, lingering racial tensions, the Lost Cause, college football, economic backwardness, and agrarianism. Southern life is no longer that clearly delineated, at least in our minds. The region is no longer monochromatic—if it ever was—in the eyes of the nation. The South is a conglomerate of ideas and thoughts that make it much more diverse than many other parts of the United...
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