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Critical Studies of Southern Place

A Reader


Edited By William M. Reynolds

Critical Studies of Southern Place: A Reader critically investigates and informs the construction of Southernness, Southern identity, and the South past and present. It promotes and expands the notion of a Southern epistemology. Authors from across the South write about such diverse topics as Southern working-class culture; LGBT issues in the South; Southern music; Southern reality television; race and ethnicity in the South; religion in the South; sports in the South; and Southernness. How do these multiple interpretations of popular culture within critical conceptualizations of place enhance our understandings of education? Critical Studies of Southern Place investigates the connections between the critical examination of place-specific culture and its multiple connections with education and pedagogy. This important book fills a significant gap in the scholarly work on the ramifications of place. Readers will be able to center the importance of place in their own scholarship and cultural work as well as be able to think deeply about how Southern place affects us all.
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Chapter Fifteen: In the Shadows of the New South: Latinos and Modern Southern Apartheid



In the Shadows of the New South: Latinos and Modern Southern Apartheid


In 2010 the U.S. South had the overall largest percentage growth in the Latino population of any region in the nation. (Lopez & Dockerman, 2011; Pew Hispanic Trust, 2012). This has resulted in increased policing of the Latino population with the passage of legislation that creates barriers to schooling, postsecondary education, and employment. This chapter explores the phenomena of the legal segregation that not only violates Latinos’ civil rights but also embraces a discourse from the segregated post–WWII New South that was the impetus for the “massive resistance” during the Second Reconstruction. Social conflict was a major result of the revolutionary changes that occurred after the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964 and the Civil Rights Movement’s growth from a local to a national movement (Callejo Pérez, 2001, 2005, 2013a; Dittmer, 1995).

The U.S. South had always seen itself as a distinct place (Callejo Pérez, 2004; Cobb, 1992), once associated with country music, evangelicalism, lingering racial tensions, the Lost Cause, college football, economic backwardness, and agrarianism. Southern life is no longer that clearly delineated, at least in our minds. The region is no longer monochromatic—if it ever was—in the eyes of the nation. The South is a conglomerate of ideas and thoughts that make it much more diverse than many other parts of the United...

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