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From Bricolage to Métissage

Rethinking Intercultural Approaches to Indigenous Environmental Education and Research


Gregory Lowan-Trudeau

Rethinking Intercultural Approaches to Indigenous Environmental Education and Research arose from a physical and philosophical journey that critically considered the relationship between Western, Indigenous, and other culturally rooted ecological knowledge systems and philosophies. This book shares two related studies that explored the life histories, cultural, and ecological identities and pedagogical experiences of Indigenous, non-Indigenous, and recently arrived educators and learners from across Canada. A variety of socio-ecological concepts including bricolage, métissage, Two-Eyed Seeing, and the Third Space are employed to (re-) frame discussions of historical and contemporary understandings of interpretive and Indigenous research methodologies, Métis cultures and identities, Canadian ecological identity, intercultural science and environmental education, «wicked problems», contemporary disputes over land and natural resource management, and related activism.
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Chapter 8. Final Thoughts & Future Directions


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As I came to the end of this research journey, I found myself pondering its significance; how does it relate to and/or depart from the literature, concepts, and participants perspectives presented in previous chapters? How is it unique? And what have I found or experienced that contributes fresh perspectives, understanding, and new directions to the field of intercultural environmental education?

Engaging Wicked Problems through Education

Vink, Dewulf and Termeer (2013) define “wicked problems” as those “which cannot be precisely formulated or solved, because of widely diverging problem formulations and vested interests” (p. 45). They note that considering and addressing wicked problems such as climate change adaption is one of the most pressing and confounding challenges of our time.

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