A Social Psychological Perspective
Chapter 22. Conclusions
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Over the past decades, women have been gaining confidence, skills, and experience in the workplace. There is nothing, at the moment, preventing them to think that they cannot take the next step on the professional scale. However, statistics tell a very different story (see De Madariaga, 2013). What can they do to be included in that small minority of women who manage to reach the highest levels?
Women are urged to promote themselves and to follow courses of training, mentoring, and leadership to develop skills and confidence to apply for high-level jobs. Nowadays, there are many young women who have no problem applying for such jobs or promoting themselves.
In our opinion, telling women what to do and how to improve suggests that the reason they are not in top positions is because they are not suitable for those positions. It has also been said that the few women who have reached high levels deny help to other women and that this is partly the reason for the underrepresentation of women in positions of responsibility.
In our view, the only way in which the current scarcity of women in top positions can change is through the elimination of systemic and structural bias in policies and procedures that favor men (and specifically White men).
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