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International Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy

A Reader

Series:

Edited By Virginia Stead

The promise of this admission policy reader arises from the embodiment of research from 58 authors, six continents, 20 time zones, 20+ first languages, and a broad array of research methodologies. Four sections aggregate key themes within the text:
(1) National Perspectives on Higher Education Admission Policy;
(2) Theoretical Approaches to Higher Education Admission Policy;
(3) Applicant Recruitment and Student Support Services in Higher Education; and
(4) Diversity and Equity in Higher Education Admission Policy Implementation.
This book's global chorus of professional experience, investigation, and insight is unprecedented in its breadth and depth, illuminating a rare swath of challenges and opportunities that Internet-sourced international higher education makes visible. Although each chapter is an independent research report, together they generate a new landscape for admission policy orientation, exploration, and activism. The sheer range of policies and organizational infrastructure will alert all readers to many complexities within the admissions process that remain invisible within single or multiple but similar cultural and political contexts.
Many of these authors have demonstrated courage along with their intellectual acumen in tackling politically sensitive, culturally taboo, and personally dangerous topics within their research. Theirs is a moving testimony to the global quest for fairness within the world of admission policy implementation and to the power of access to higher education. Together, we are determined to advance equitable admissions praxis within all institutions of higher learning and promising futures for all students.
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8 A Review of Enrollment System Reforms and Prospects for Chinese Higher Education Institutions

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CHAPTER 8

A Review of Enrollment System Reforms and Prospects for Chinese Higher Education Institutions

Liu Baocun and Zhuang Tengteng

Introduction

The importance of higher education has great significance to the development of a society and nation, and China is not an exception. China’s college admission system has gone from ‘completely independent’ to ‘unified admission’, and now is moving towards the ‘combination of unified and independent’. In the whole process of reform, fairness and the scientific importance of the admission examination, especially Gaokao (matriculation test), have been the two major concerns of the public. Improvements have been made in promoting both fairness and scientific importance, but there’s still work to be done in the coming years. Inspiration and theoretical foundations for this research have been drawn from the works of Bian (2012), Deng (1977), Kong, (2012), Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China (20120), Regulations on students enrollment work … (n.d.), Song (2001), Yang (2005), and Zeng (2010).

History

Prior to the People’s Republic of China

College admission started in the early years of the twentieth century when modern colleges emerged in China. In 1905, the imperial examination system, which had been used to select talents for the royal courts and local government bodies in ancient China for more than 1,300 years, was formally abolished. The late Qing government issued two regulations calling for the establishment of a new examination and...

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