History, Culture and Memory
Edited By Katia Pizzi and Marjatta Hietala
9 In Memory of a Cold War Friend: Monuments Commemorating the Finnish–Soviet Relationship in Helsinki and Tampere
In most standard accounts, the Cold War is commonly defined as a global conflict between the two superpowers, marked by varying levels of tension and rearmament. Yet, as scholars concerned with Cold War politics and culture have increasingly pointed out, each country had its own language for describing the Cold War.2 In Finland this language was that of friendship, cooperation and mutual assistance between, on the one side, the capitalist and democratic Finland and, on the other side, the socialist Soviet Union, a ‘language’ that, admittedly, challenged the basic tenets of the dominant Cold War narrative. Although by no means the only (nor even the most appropriate) intellectual framework for studying the Finnish experience ← 221 | 222 → of the Cold War, for most Finns the very essence of the Cold War is encapsulated by these three concepts, the meaning of which must be deciphered within the context of the Agreement on Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance (hereafter the FCMA Treaty), signed in 1948 between Finland and the Soviet Union.3
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