Introduction: The Making of a Cosmopolitan Modernist (Fernando Beleza / Simon Park)
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FERNANDO BELEZA AND SIMON PARK
Introduction: The Making of a Cosmopolitan Modernist
As much as a volume on Mário de Sá-Carneiro (1890–1916) might wish to avoid any reference to Fernando Pessoa (1888–1935), lest the mere mention of the ‘inescapable giant’ of Portuguese Modernism immediately relegate Sá-Carneiro to the status of a lesser moon in the orbit of his (now internationally) famous friend, the fact is that their lives as much as their work and critical fortunes are intimately intertwined.1 The actual details regarding the beginning of their friendship are unclear, yet it is certain that their artistic and personal relationship started to become closer in 1912, shortly after Sá-Carneiro’s return to Lisbon from Coimbra, where he spent a very short period in Law school, and before his departure to Paris, in the Autumn of 1912, with the supposed intent of resuming his Law studies, this time at the Sorbonne.2 As their correspondence testifies, by May 1913, the dialogue between these two writers was already decisively shaping their work. While Sá-Carneiro’s letters from Paris were introducing Pessoa to the artistic innovations of Paris’s vibrant cultural scene, the latter commented extensively on Sá-Carneiro’s fictional ideas and poetic production. Their mutual admiration, along with a shared mission to bring European cultural and artistic modernity to Portugal, shines through these letters. As Pessoa says in one of them, ‘em plena altura, pelo menos quanto a sentimento artístico, h...
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