Estudios de literatura comparada
Edited By Rogelio Guedea
1 Exilio e inmigración en El síndrome de Ulises de Santiago Gamboa
Adelso Yánez Leal 1 Exilio e inmigración en El síndrome de Ulises de Santiago Gamboa abstract Immigration has been studied from a social science perspective, but, at the same time, it is a subject of artistic expression. Indeed, many works of art have addressed it in their proposals, whether in the form of a painting, literature or other expressions. Yet the issue stands as a constant among recent prominent literary productions. Such is the case of Ulysses syn- drome (‘El síndrome de Ulises’). The novel is a literary piece by Colombian writer Santiago Gamboa, who entertains us with the breakdown of an exile in twentieth-century Paris. The work analyses the discourse using a series of concepts from the theoretical domain of Socio-criticism, paying special attention to the novelistic plot which interweaves human affairs dramatically against the backdrop of nostalgia, silence and solitude in a relatively dehumanised city. The novel presents stories of the lives of the characters in which the narrator speaks about himself and others. The text highlights the temporal discontinu- ity of the rapporteur to show that Ulysses syndrome is suffered by others, and not by the narrator-witness. Los temas ligados a la inmigración no plantean ningún problema de com- prensión, si reivindicamos su filiación con la idea de la ruptura. El divorcio espacial, afectivo y cultural acoge un matiz inmemorial, como la humanidad misma. Alejarse del lugar natal evoca incluso lazos prehistóricos respectivos a desplazamientos grupales o individuales....
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