Estudios de literatura comparada
Edited By Rogelio Guedea
5 La estética Zen de Muga (Ni-Ego) en el proyecto Renga de Octavio Paz
Roy Starrs 5 La estética Zen de Muga (Ni-Ego) en el proyecto Renga de Octavio Paz abstract Renga (1971) is a book-length chain of linked poems written in four European languages by four leading twentieth-century poets: Octavio Paz, Edoardo Sanguineti, Charles Tomlinson and Jacques Roubaud. Because this pioneering multi-authored, multilingual and multi- cultural work is based on the medieval Japanese poetic genre of ‘linked verse’ (renga), the question arises: what is the exact nature of the relation between the modern Western poem and its Japanese model? The present article argues that, far from being a merely superficial imitation of certain formal elements of the Japanese poetic practice of group composition, Renga is remarkably faithful to the spirit of the original genre, especially its underlying Zen aesthetics, philosophy and psychology of muga (no-self ). At the same time, the poem’s embodiment of a ‘negative poetic self ’ does not alienate it from its own Western tradi- tion. On the contrary, it also faithfully reflects, in this respect, both the Zeitgeist of the postwar period when it was written and, more generally, the post-Romantic, modernist concept of the poetic self. N I E G NI EGO — Octavio Paz1 1 Octavio Paz, A Tale of Two Gardens: Poems from India (New York: New Directions, 1997), 111. 82 Roy Starrs En el ensayo seminal de 1967 de Roland Barthes, en el que anunciaba la ‘muerte del autor’, que podría considerarse un pequeño eco de la procla- mación de Nietzsche sobre ‘la...
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