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Migration and the Contemporary Mediterranean

Shifting Cultures in Twenty-First-Century Italy and Beyond

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Edited By Claudia Gualtieri

This collection of essays presents a study of migration cultures in the contemporary Mediterranean with a particular focus on Italy as a point of migratory convergence and pressure. It investigates different experiences of, and responses to, sea crossings, borders and checkpoints, cultural proximity and distance, race, ethnicity and memory, along with creative responses to the same. In dialogic and complementary interaction, the essays explore violence centring on race as the major determining factor. The book further submits that the interrogation of racialized categories represents different kinds of critical response and resistance, which involve both political struggle and day-to-day survival and coexistence. Following the praxis of cultural and postcolonial studies, the essays focus on the present but draw indispensable insight from past connections and heritage as well as offering prognoses for the future. The ambitious aim of this collection is to identify some useful lines of thought and action that could help us to think outside intricacy, isolation and defensiveness, which characterize most of the public official reactions to migration today.

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99 POSSE is a music band made up of ‘O Zulù (Luca Persico), voice; Marco Messina, sampler and Dub Master; JRM (Massimo Jovine), bass; Sacha Ricci, keyboard. The band was founded in 1991 in Naples in the occupied self-managed social centre Officina 99. It was the expression of a new urban culture, which used music as a means of resistance. Their first single contained ‘Rafaniello’ and ‘Salario Garantito’, and triggered the rap and raggamuffin musical wave that revolutionized Italian popular music. In 1992, the single ‘Sott’attacco dell’idiozia’ was the output of the collaboration of three Neapolitan groups: 99 Posse, Bisca and Almamegretta. 99 Posse-Bisca’s album Curre Curre Guagliò became the manifesto of a generation and the soundtrack of Gabriele Salvatore’s film Sud. In 1994, 99 Posse’s label Novenove was founded and the compilation Cantanapoli antifascista, which put together ten Neapolitan groups, was released. The albums Cerco Tiempo (1995, gold record) and La vida que vendrà brought national and international fame. Among their recent productions are Antifa (freely downloadable) and Cattivi Guagliuni.

FABIO CAFFIO is a retired Italian Navy Vice Admiral. As an expert on international maritime law, he represented the Italian Ministry of Defence in several international meetings concerning the Law of the Sea, maritime delimitations and negotiations of maritime agreements. He occasionally lectures on these matters at national and international institutions and universities. He took part in the meeting of the international group of experts convened to draft the San Remo Manual on International Law...

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