South Tyrolean Transformations, 1915–2015
Edited By Georg Grote and Hannes Obermair
Among the many commemorations of World War I, little was made of the 100th anniversary of the secret Treaty of London between Italy and the Western War Allies in April 1915, which sealed the fate of South Tyrol for the duration of the twentieth century by passing it from Austria to Italy. In May 2015, a symposium was held in the medieval Prösels Castle in the Italian Dolomites to mark this historical moment. Contributors set out to explore the political, social and cultural impact of South Tyrol’s existence «on the threshold» during the twentieth century.
Individually and collectively, the essays in this volume challenge the simplistic reading of South Tyrol as merely a geographic region torn between Germanic and Italian cultures; instead, they explore the dynamic effects of its geographical, political and cultural history since 1915. South Tyrol, as a modern regional state in Europe, faces many of the same problems as other European regions, be they individual states or sub-state regions. Most of the contributions in this volume are from academics and intellectuals within the Province of Bolzano/Bozen who negotiate and discuss these issues through their native languages: German, Italian and Ladin. By making their research accessible through English translations and abstracts, this volume seeks to bring their work on historical and contemporary developments in South Tyrol to a wider European and global audience.
List of Figures
Figures Figure 3.1: Places relevant to the monastery of Muri-Gries and its post-war history. 46 Figure 8.1: Argumentation patterns in Alto Adige (157 articles). 156 Figure 8.2: Argumentation patterns in Dolomiten (58 articles). 157 Figure 11.1: Villa Ultenhof after completion, around 1900. The representative estate and its historical garden still exist today. Photo: Archivio civico di Merano, sign. 16881. 227 Figure 11.2: Perspective of the Villa Ultenhof. This sketch was probably designed by the local artist Tony Grubhofer for Musch & Lun (see also Figure 11.3). Perspective: Musch & Lun Archive, Thomas Kinkelin, Merano. Graphic processing: Olaf Grawert. 228 Figure 11.3: Villa Hübel was published by Musch & Lun already in 1899, illustrated with a perspective which was created by the reknown local artist Tony Grubhofer (1854–1935). In: Der Architekt, Wiener Monatshefte für Bauwesen und decorative Kunst, 5th year (Vienna: 1899), p. 3 and table 5. 229 Figures 11.4, 11.5 and 11.6: Villa Ultenhof, ground floor plan. The floor plan of the Villa Ultenhof corresponds to a main- requirement of the Anglo–American Picturesque. Floor plan: Musch & Lun Archive, Thomas Kinkelin, Merano. Graphic design: Olaf Grawert. 230–231 Figure 11.7: The original Ansitz Reichenbach was an elongated building in the narrow, sloping Reichenbachgasse (Reichenbach alley). Photo: Archivio civico di Merano, sign. 17431. 233 x Figures Figure 11.8: Schloss Reichenbach after conversion. Photo: F. Peter, 1905, Archivio civico di Merano, sign. 8207. 234 Figures 11.9 and 11.10: Musch & Lun, conversion of Ansitz Reichenbach into Schloss Reichenbach. Plans: Musch & Lun, Archivio civico...
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