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A Land on the Threshold

South Tyrolean Transformations, 1915–2015

Edited By Georg Grote and Hannes Obermair

Among the many commemorations of World War I, little was made of the 100th anniversary of the secret Treaty of London between Italy and the Western War Allies in April 1915, which sealed the fate of South Tyrol for the duration of the twentieth century by passing it from Austria to Italy. In May 2015, a symposium was held in the medieval Prösels Castle in the Italian Dolomites to mark this historical moment. Contributors set out to explore the political, social and cultural impact of South Tyrol’s existence «on the threshold» during the twentieth century.

Individually and collectively, the essays in this volume challenge the simplistic reading of South Tyrol as merely a geographic region torn between Germanic and Italian cultures; instead, they explore the dynamic effects of its geographical, political and cultural history since 1915. South Tyrol, as a modern regional state in Europe, faces many of the same problems as other European regions, be they individual states or sub-state regions. Most of the contributions in this volume are from academics and intellectuals within the Province of Bolzano/Bozen who negotiate and discuss these issues through their native languages: German, Italian and Ladin. By making their research accessible through English translations and abstracts, this volume seeks to bring their work on historical and contemporary developments in South Tyrol to a wider European and global audience.

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Ahnenerbe 243, 250 Allianz für Deutschland 329 Alpenburg, Johann Nepomuk von 277–278 Alps, the 289–290 Alto Adige 155, 159ff, 198, 210, 241, 311, 314, 328, 333, 373 Alto Adige (newspaper) 147–169 Ansitz Reichenbach 225, 231ff, 232, 233, 235 Anthony of Padua 284 Apocalypse, Book of Revelation 280 archaeology 240, 242, 288 Archivio per l’Alto Adige 7–10 Arndt, Ernst Moritz 393 Augner, Abbot Alfons 45, 46–50 Autonomiekonvent 382 Bauer, Otto 17, 20, 28, 30–39, 60 bilingualism 314, 354, 361ff “bloody Sunday” (Blutsonntag) 311, 318 Brenner Pass 58, 69, 124, 388 carnival(s) 287–292 Klosen and Klaubauf (carnival ritual) 292–294 Pflugziehen (carnival ritual) 295 Scheibenschlagen (carnival ritual) 297–298 Christianity 277–278 Churchill, Winston 264 denationalization (Entnational- isierung) 21, 307ff see also nationalization Dolomiten (newspaper) 130, 137, 147–169 Drau 262 Dual Monarchy 43 Enzensberger, Hans Magnus 328 ethnic identity 396ff ethnicity 342ff, 396ff EURAC (European Academy) 148, 370, 385 farmhouse, alpine 290–292 fascism xvii–xviii, xx, 49, 62– 71, 101–103, 120–138, 237, 242–246, 251, 266, 270, 279, 310–315, 321–323, 346, 367, 399, 400 fire as a ritual ceremony 298–299 foreigner(s) 111, 113, 164, 166, 169, 296, 317, 328, 331– 334, 342–343 Frei.Wild 211ff Freiheitliche Partei (Freiheitlichen Party) 16, 329, 341ff Friedensplatz 314 Friedensverhandlungen 3, 11 Front National (France) 329 globalization 122, 123, 134, 276, 327–328, 352–354, 382, 406 Great Depression, the 67 Gruber-De Gasperi Agreement 127 Heimat 109, 111, 112, 114,...

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