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(Re)imagining African Independence

Film, Visual Arts and the Fall of the Portuguese Empire


Edited By Maria do Carmo Piçarra and Teresa Castro

The fortieth anniversary of the independence of the African countries colonized by Portugal presents a valuable opportunity to reassess how colonialism has been «imagined» through the medium of the moving image. The essays collected in this volume investigate Portuguese colonialism and its filmic and audio-visual imaginaries both during and after the Estado Novo regime, examining political propaganda films shot during the liberation wars and exploring the questions and debates these generate. The book also highlights common aspects in the emergence of a national cinema in Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau. By reanimating (and decolonizing) the archive, it represents an important contribution to Portuguese colonial history, as well as to the history of cinema and the visual arts.


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List of Figures


Figures Figure 1.1: Duarte and TPA team filming their ‘cinema of urgency’ © João Silva. 29 Figure 1.2: Beto Moura Pires is directed by Ruy Duarte while filming Ofícios © João Silva. 33 Figure 1.3: Nelisita is based on traditional oral Nyaneka plays but includes contemporary elements © Cinemateca de Angola, João Silva. 40 Figure 2.1: Mueda, Memória e Massacre (Ruy Guerra, 1979/1980). Courtesy of Ruy Guerra. 49 Figure 5.1: Full-page advertisement in the Chicago Daily Tribune, 19 September 1961. Illustration by Sherman Labby © NBC and Chicago Daily Tribune. 115 Figure 5.2: Cover page of the newspaper A Província de Angola, 30 March. Photographs originally published in Henrique Galvão’s book Antropófagos (1947). Unknown author. 116 Figure 5.3: Book cover illustration by José Moura for Henrique Galvão’s Antropófagos, 1947. Illustration by José de Moura © José de Moura. 118 Figure 7.1: Graça Machel, Angela Mocanu and Elena Ceaușescu © The National Archives of Romania. 162 Figure 7.2: Arrival in Maputo Airport © The National Archives of Romania. 164 Figure 9.1: Ângela Ferreira, Messy Colonialism, Wild Decolonization, 2015. Installation view, GIBCA Gothenburg International Biennial of Contemporary Art, Roda Sten Konsthall, 2015. Photo: Hendrik Zeitler. Courtesy of the artist. 189 x Figures Figure 9.2: Kiluanji Kia Henda, Concrete Affection – Zopo Lady, 2014–2015. Installation view, As Margens dos Mares, Sesc Pinheiros, São Paulo, 2015. Courtesy of the artist. 191 Figure 9.3: Kiluanji Kia Henda, Concrete Affection – Zopo Lady, 2014–2015. Video still. Courtesy of the artist....

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