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Cognitive Insights into Discourse Markers and Second Language Acquisition

Edited By Iria Bello, Carolina Bernales, Maria Vittoria Calvi and Elena Landone

This volume employs a range of empirical methodologies – including eyetracking, direct observation, qualitative research and corpus analysis – to describe the use of discourse markers in second language acquisition. The variety of different approaches used by the contributors facilitates the observation of correlations between morphosyntactic, semantic and pragmatic features of discourse markers and enriches our understanding of the cognitive behaviour of L2 speakers, both in the understanding and production of texts. Some of the essays examine the acquisitional paths of discourse markers in instructional and natural contexts, with a particular focus on situations of language contact and social integration; others describe experimental studies that analyse the cognitive processing of discourse markers in L2 learners. All the contributions aim to offer new insights which will expand and develop existing theoretical claims about this area of study and open up avenues for further research.

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| vii →

Figures

Figure 2.1. Scale of difficulty

Figure 3.1. First-pass reading time (unmarked scale)

Figure 3.2. Second-pass reading time (unmarked scale)

Figure 3.3. Total reading time (unmarked scale)

Figure 3.4. First-pass reading time (marked scale)

Figure 3.5. Second-pass reading time (marked scale)

Figure 3.6. Total reading time (marked scale)

Figure 4.1. First-pass reading time, variable a (presence/absence of the operator)

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