American Television Series in Hungary
Chapter 2 Pragmatic equivalence in the translation of speech acts
Pragmatic equivalence in the translation of speech acts
My previous investigations into the translation of speech acts in AVT as well as the data retrieved for the present study clearly show that in some instances there are semantic differences between SL and TL utterances. Often, these differences can be explained by the constraints of dubbing. To maintain lip-synch, translators may omit certain semantic components, or they may replace them with non-equivalent items. In other instances, it is only intuition suggesting that speech acts are not fully equivalent, but it is difficult to explain the reasons for such non-equivalence. Therefore, in order to study pragmatic shifts in the translation of speech acts, specific guidelines are needed to provide an objective description of the nature of equivalence between SL and TL speech acts. To this end, this chapter attempts to set up such guidelines in a bid to address two closely related questions: (1) What is it that needs to be conveyed from the SL to the TL in translating directive and commissive speech acts? In other words, what is the invariant of translation? (2) In what instances is it necessary to exclude linguistic data from the investigation due to non-equivalence between SL and TL speech acts?
2.2 The concept of pragmatic equivalence
Equivalence is not only one of the central concepts in translation studies, but it is one of the most contested issues...
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