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From European Modernity to Pan-American National Identity

Literary Confluences between Edgar Allan Poe, Charles Baudelaire and Machado de Assis


Greicy Pinto Bellin

This book analyses the relationships between the writers Edgar Allan Poe, Charles Baudelaire and Machado de Assis, showing their impact on representations of literary modernity and literary national identity in the Americas. The central argument is that Machado de Assis parodied Baudelaire by criticizing the French influence on Brazilian literature of his time, as well as emulating Poe by searching for a Pan-American identity in the representation of the urban scene, nationalism, the female figure and the world of work. Pan-Americanism emerges from both Poe’s and Machado de Assis’s critical reflections on literary national identity in non-hegemonic contexts as a way of deconstructing the idea of literary modernity.
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Abolition of Slaves 132, 151

allegory 5, 7, 17–19, 22, 25, 107, 117–119, 150, 152

American Civil War 4, 39

anachronism 25, 82

beauty 53, 64, 74, 80, 89, 91–95, 100–102, 153

Bonaparte, Napoleon 28, 107, 113–114

Brazilian Academy of Literature 40, 127–129, 146

Brazilian Independence 70, 150

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