Literary Confluences between Edgar Allan Poe, Charles Baudelaire and Machado de Assis
Chapter 2: Nation, Literary Nationality and Literary National Identity in Machado de Assis and Edgar Allan Poe
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Nation, Literary Nationality and Literary National Identity in Machado de Assis and Edgar Allan Poe
In this chapter, I will analyse the problem of nation, literary nationality, and national literary identity by comparing the works of Machado de Assis and Edgar Allan Poe, as both writers reflected about these problems in non-hegemonic literary contexts. Machado’s emulation of Poe’s quest for literary national identity comes from his admiration for the United States as a country which, like Brazil, had recently become independent in the nineteenth century, and abolished slavery after the Civil War (1861–1865). Machado’s search for a Pan-American model is attached to a strong criticism against French literary importation, which can be identified in his short-story entitled ‘A Parasita Azul’ [‘The Blue Parasite’], published in 1872. The first part of this chapter seeks to analyse this short-story as a parody of Baudelaire’s Parisian Scenes, while the second part seeks to discuss Machadian emulation of Poe in respect to the search for literary national identity in non-hegemonic contexts, based on the comparative analysis between Machado’s ‘The National Instinct’ and Poe’s critical texts.
Machado de Assis and the North American Transatlantic Literary Networks in the Nineteenth Century
Machado de Assis expresses his fascination with the United States in the following excerpt of a chronicle written in 1878: ← 39 | 40 →
Que os Estados Unidos começam a galantear-nos, é coisa fora de dúvida; correspondamos ao galanteio;...
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