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De l’unanimisme au fantastique

Jules Romains devant l’extraordinaire

Series:

Augustin Voegele

Jules Romains est connu comme un écrivain « de bonne volonté », raisonnable et rationaliste. Il existe, toutefois, un Jules Romains obscur, et méconnu : un Jules Romains créateur de personnages de mauvaise volonté – de criminels, même ; un Jules Romains qui n’hésite pas à parsemer son oeuvre de longs chapitres érotiques – pornographiques, même ; un Jules Romains, enfin, surtout, fasciné par tout ce qui relève du parapsychique et de l’extraordinaire.

Mais d’où vient cet attrait pour l’anormal et le paranormal ? C’est en replaçant la production de Romains dans le contexte d’une époque confrontée à la mort de Dieu et meurtrie par deux Guerres mondiales que l’on peut expliquer le glissement qui s’opère, de La Vie unanime (1908) aux oeuvres de l’après-guerre, d’un unanimisme optimiste et humaniste à un fantastique qui, s’il se révèle scientifiquement et politiquement militant, n’en est pas moins désespéré.

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Modern French Identities

Edited by Jean Khalfa

This series aims to publish monographs, editions or collections of papers based on recent research into modern French Literature. It welcomes contributions from academics, researchers and writers worldwide and in British and Irish universities in particular.

Modern French Identities focuses on the French and Francophone writing of the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, whose formal experiments and revisions of genre have combined to create an entirely new set of literary forms, from the thematic autobiographies of Michel Leiris and Bernard Noël to the magic realism of French Caribbean writers.

The idea that identities are constructed rather than found, and that the self is an area to explore rather than a given pretext, runs through much of modern French literature, from Proust, Gide, Apollinaire and Césaire to Barthes, Duras, Kristeva, Glissant, Germain and Roubaud.

This series explores the turmoil in ideas and values expressed in the works of theorists like Lacan, Irigaray, Foucault, Fanon, Deleuze and Bourdieu and traces the impact of current theoretical approaches – such as gender and sexuality studies, de/coloniality, intersectionality, and ecocriticism – on the literary and cultural interpretation of the self.

The series publishes studies of individual authors and artists, comparative stud-ies, and interdisciplinary projects and welcomes research on autobiography, cinema, fiction, poetry and performance art and/or the intersections between them.

Editorial Board

Contemporary Literature and Thought

Martin Crowley (University of Cambridge)...

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