Transatlantic Experiences and Perspectives of Black Germans of the Post-War Generation
Edited By Marion Kraft
Inclusion: Different Perspectives on a Principle of Human Rights (Judy Gummich)
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Inclusion: Different Perspectives on a Principle of Human Rights
54. Judy Gummich. Private property. Image credit Sandra Schuck.
The discourse on inclusion has been massively boosted by the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)1 of 2006 and its implementation in Germany in 2009. According to the CRPD, ← 325 | 326 → inclusion is now mandatory in Germany. The implementation of inclusion also requires a commitment on the part of civil society. But what exactly does inclusion mean? What is the specific human rights perspective? Is inclusion restricted to people with disabilities? And what does inclusion have to do with integration, or even racism?
Human Rights: The Foundation of Inclusion
“Human rights are universal rights of freedom and equality, necessitated by the unconditional recognition of human dignity.”2 They were fundamentally formulated in 1948, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR),3 and are valid for all human beings worldwide. Respect for human dignity encompasses all human beings equally. It is only conceivable as one and the same dignity for everyone.4 Human rights are unconditional. They are not bound to properties, services rendered, social role or status, nor to the abilities or characteristics of human beings. This is made clear in the first article of the UDHR: “All human beings are free and equal in dignity and rights” (Article 1). Human rights are rights of freedom, aimed at self-determination...
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