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Women in the Informal Sector and Poverty Reduction in Morocco

The City of Fez as a Case Study


Souad Belhorma

It is established that the informal sector plays an important role in the creation of job opportunities for many rural and urban people. However, there is a scarcity of academic research on the relationship between gender, informality of employment and poverty reduction in Morocco with particular reference to the city of Fez. This book focuses on investigating the contribution of women’s self-employed work in the informal sector in reducing household poverty in the city of Fez. This is done through the medium of specific framework objectives. First, the book sets out the types of women engaged in informal sector activities in the city of Fez. Secondly, it makes a situational analysis of the contribution of women’s work in the informal sector to reduce poverty in their households in this region of Morocco. Thirdly, it identifies the linkages between working as self-employed persons and emancipation of women through their participation in political and social activism in Fez and lastly, it uncovers the main difficulties impeding the development of women in self-employed activities in the informal sector and identifies the various challenges for the development of their businesses in Fez.

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Chapter 2 Methodology


Chapter 2



The use of a methodological framework is of great importance to investigate a phenomenon in social sciences. Indeed, the research design and the analytical process of any study should adopt a specific methodological direction based on the research objectives. To framework this process means that methodology is a set of procedures, whether quantitative or qualitative by which answers to research questions are found. In other words, the methodology is a process of discovery of how data are collected, organized, and interpreted. In this respect, selecting a particular methodology depends on the nature of the study and the choice of the suitable methodological steps is determined by the phenomenon under investigation. The focus of the present chapter is to provide justifications of the methodology used in this book. The first section is about a description of data collection and fieldwork. It starts with a discussion of the sample survey. It is followed by an overview of data collection techniques. Afterwards, I provide an explanation of the fieldwork. Ultimately, the second section is dedicated to the data analysis framework adopted in this study focusing on both the qualitative and the quantitative analyses. A discussion of the main limitations faced during the process of the investigation is addressed respectively.

Data Collection and Fieldwork

The present section attempts to provide an overview of the main data collection techniques and the process of the fieldwork. As mentioned earlier, this book uses...

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