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Recalling the Celtic Tiger


Edited By Eamon Maher, Eugene O'Brien and Brian Lucey

This book looks at various effects, symptoms and consequences of the period in Irish culture known as the Celtic Tiger. It will trace the critical pathway from boom to bust – and up to the current beginnings of a similar, smaller boom – through events, personalities and products. The short entries offer a sense of the lived experience of this seismic period in contemporary Irish society.

While clearly not all aspects of the period could realistically be covered, the book does contain essential information about the central actors, events, themes, and economic trends, which are discussed in a readable and accessible manner. Each entry is linked to the overall Celtic Tiger phenomenon and its immediate aftermath.

The book also provides a comprehensive account of what happened in this period and will be a factual resource for anyone anxious to discover information on the areas most commonly connected to it. All entries are written by experts in the area. The contributors include broadcasters, economists, cultural theorists, sociologists, literary critics, journalists, politicians and writers, each of whom brings particular insights to some aspect of the Celtic Tiger.

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Independent Politicians (Charles Larkin)


Charles Larkin

Independent Politicians

The February 2011 general election resulted in an expansion of numbers of independent politicians elected to the Dáil and Seanad. While independent members of both houses existed in the past, this was a change from previous elections, in that they constituted a wider response to the political turmoil brought about by the collapse of the economy in 2008 and the subsequent December 2010 Troika Bailout.

The 32nd Dáil began with 14 independents and closed with 19 as members left their respective parties (out of 166 seats). The 33rd Dáil elected in March 2016 had 19 independents (out of 158 seats) at the start and has 22 as of July 2019. The 24th Seanad had 12 independents (out of 60 seats) and the 25th Seanad has 14 independent members (out of 60 seats).

Independents must form ‘technical groups’ in order to achieve speaking and legislative rights within both houses. The Dáil minimum is seven members to form a group. The Seanad minimum is five members. Independents in the Seanad typically congregated in the two university panels for the National University of Ireland (UCD, UCC, UCG/NUIG, Maynooth) and Dublin University (Trinity College Dublin) collectively making up six seats. In 2011 a break took place with many more members declaring to be independent, including some the 11 appointed by the Taoiseach.

The Dáil independents includes a more heterogeneous group, many were previously part of...

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