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Legal Entity Reform of Indonesia’s Public Colleges and Universities

Tjiauw Thuan

Since 1999, Indonesia’s higher education system has entered a new stage. The government promotes legal entity reform at public colleges and universities, and plans to transform all public colleges and universities into legal entities. This is unprecedented in Indonesian education history. Eight public higher education institutions in the first and second batch were succesfully converted to legal entities. After experiencing legal entity reform, Indonesia’s public colleges and universities improved. The government indirectly proposed three types of public higher education institution. This means that Indonesia’s public colleges and universities developed from a single model to becoming these diversified models.

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About the author


Tjiauw Thuan alias Hali (Li Zhaotuan) was born in Jambi, Indonesia. He got his BA, MA and Th.M. in Indonesia. He worked in the Church for five years and taught in the seminary for more than ten years. Hali studied and got his PhD in Nanjing Normal University, China (2011-2014). He now teaches as a lecturer in Faith Theological Seminary in Jakarta. His seven books (theology and science) have been published in Indonesian and he has published many articles in theological journals.

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