German-Jewish Exile Experiences in Kenya, 1933–1947
Before Nowhere in Africa won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 2002, the fate of German-Jewish exiles in Africa was not widely discussed. The film, based on the autobiographical work of Stefanie Zweig, tells the story of the Zweig family, who escaped the perils of Nazism and found refuge in the British colony of Kenya.
Taking Zweig’s written works Nowhere in Africa and Nirgendwo war Heimat: Mein Leben auf zwei Kontinenten [Nowhere was Home: My Life on Two Continents] as a point of departure, and drawing on extensive sources – including previously unexplored government files from the Colonial Office and other archival records, correspondence, first-person accounts and personal communication with former refugees – this book provides a detailed historical look at German- Jewish emigration to Kenya. The volume explores British immigration policies and the formation of the Plough Settlement Association, under whose auspices German-Jewish refugees were to be settled in Kenya as farmers. It also traces the difficult lives of refugees, both adults and children, within the complex dynamics of British colonial society in the Kenya of the 1930s and 1940s, paying special attention to the experiences of children in the colony.
Archives: Abbreviations, files, documents, accession and dossier numbers
Deutsches Exilarchiv 1933–1945 der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
Splitternachlass Stefanie Zweig: EB 2016/004.
Exilpresse digital [Korrespondenzblatt über Auswanderungs- und Siedlungswesen; Jüdisches Nachrichtenblatt, Ausgaben Berlin and Wien; Pariser Tageszeitung].
KNA: Kenya National Archives, Nairobi, Kenya
Enemy aliens, Pol 13/21 disposal of enemy aliens: AH/13/155 Police.
Police: Enemy aliens, internment of, petitions for: AH/13/148.
Police: Enemy aliens, movements of E. A. between territories: AH/13/160.
Police: Enemy aliens, repatriation, Germans: AH/13/156.
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