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Revoke Ideology

Critical Constructionist Theory in the Human Sciences


Alipio DeSousa Filho

Edited By Jennifer Sarah Cooper

In these crooked times of chaotic and contradictory discourses in every social sphere, from politics to food production, "ideology" has become the buzzword to represent some solid structure on which to cling or under which to recoil, in an effort to understand reality. But how this structure is built and what it ultimately upholds – this is a primary focus of the Human Sciences. In this book, the author argues that in the Human Sciences, from its founders to contemporaries, a common premise is apparent: the fundamental property of all human-social reality is its character as something constructed. Through a vast set of analyses and reflections of his own, and by philosophers, psychologists, psychoanalysts, sociologists, anthropologists, neuroscientists and linguists, the author shows how this premise, applied, which he coins as critical constructionist theory, constitutes the fundamental theory of the Human Sciences. The book also traces how the main development of this theory gave rise to critical deconstructionism – philosophical, sociological, and anthropological – as an analytical procedure in contemporary studies and research, valid in discussions on culture, ethics, human rights, gender, sexuality and ethnicities. Understanding the role ideology plays in this construction, then, is key to liberation from oppressive conceptual structures of reality. This book exposes that role.

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Chapter 1: Revoke Ideology! Everything Is Constructed ... Everything Is Revocable!


Chapter 1

Revoke Ideology! Everything Is Constructed ... Everything Is Revocable!

To be radical is to grasp the root of the matter. But, for man, the root is man himself.

— Karl Marx, Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right

Action is possible because the real is certainly not fully determined, but also because no representation system is totally closed in itself.

— Françoise Héritier, The Thought of the Difference

The phenomenon to be discussed is very widespread and obvious, and it cannot fail to have been already noticed, at least here and there, by others. Yet I have not found attention paid to it specifically.

— John Austin, How to Do Things with Words

Critical constructionist theory and its deconstructionism

The subject of this work involves the theme of reality in general and reality as a theoretical-philosophical-scientific problem. However, although reality is as important as it is abstract, it is not the central theme here. My focus here is more specific: to discuss phenomena that, as a whole, I refer to as social reality, and consequent theorizations about these phenomena.

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