Critical Constructionist Theory in the Human Sciences
Edited By Jennifer Sarah Cooper
In these crooked times of chaotic and contradictory discourses in every social sphere, from politics to food production, "ideology" has become the buzzword to represent some solid structure on which to cling or under which to recoil, in an effort to understand reality. But how this structure is built and what it ultimately upholds – this is a primary focus of the Human Sciences. In this book, the author argues that in the Human Sciences, from its founders to contemporaries, a common premise is apparent: the fundamental property of all human-social reality is its character as something constructed. Through a vast set of analyses and reflections of his own, and by philosophers, psychologists, psychoanalysts, sociologists, anthropologists, neuroscientists and linguists, the author shows how this premise, applied, which he coins as critical constructionist theory, constitutes the fundamental theory of the Human Sciences. The book also traces how the main development of this theory gave rise to critical deconstructionism – philosophical, sociological, and anthropological – as an analytical procedure in contemporary studies and research, valid in discussions on culture, ethics, human rights, gender, sexuality and ethnicities. Understanding the role ideology plays in this construction, then, is key to liberation from oppressive conceptual structures of reality. This book exposes that role.
Chapter 3: The Sociohistorical Constitution of Human Beings
The Sociohistorical Constitution of Human Beings
There is no human nature, since there is no god to conceive it
— Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism and Human Emotions
If being were only what it is, there wouldn’t even be room to talk about it. Being comes into existence as an exact function of this lack.
— Jacques Lacan, Seminar II
Homo sapiens is always and, in the same measure, homo socius.
— Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann, The Social Construction of Reality
It is true that I mistrust the notion of human nature a little […]. It was not by studying human nature that linguists discovered the laws of consonant mutation, or Freud the principles of the analysis of dreams, or cultural anthropologists the structure of myths.
— Michel Foucault, The Chomsky – Foucault debate on Human Nature
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