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Revoke Ideology

Critical Constructionist Theory in the Human Sciences

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Alipio DeSousa Filho

Edited By Jennifer Sarah Cooper

In these crooked times of chaotic and contradictory discourses in every social sphere, from politics to food production, "ideology" has become the buzzword to represent some solid structure on which to cling or under which to recoil, in an effort to understand reality. But how this structure is built and what it ultimately upholds – this is a primary focus of the Human Sciences. In this book, the author argues that in the Human Sciences, from its founders to contemporaries, a common premise is apparent: the fundamental property of all human-social reality is its character as something constructed. Through a vast set of analyses and reflections of his own, and by philosophers, psychologists, psychoanalysts, sociologists, anthropologists, neuroscientists and linguists, the author shows how this premise, applied, which he coins as critical constructionist theory, constitutes the fundamental theory of the Human Sciences. The book also traces how the main development of this theory gave rise to critical deconstructionism – philosophical, sociological, and anthropological – as an analytical procedure in contemporary studies and research, valid in discussions on culture, ethics, human rights, gender, sexuality and ethnicities. Understanding the role ideology plays in this construction, then, is key to liberation from oppressive conceptual structures of reality. This book exposes that role.

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Chapter 5: Deidologization, Desubjectivation, Critical Subjection and Desubjection

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Chapter 5

Deidologization, Desubjectivation, Critical Subjection and Desubjection

Discourse is not life.

— Michel Foucault, Dits et écrits, vol. I

There is only desire and the social and nothing else.

— Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia

The human being hides, unceasingly, desires that clash with reality.

— Edgar Morin, A suportável realidade

The critical attitude is not moral according to the rules whose limits that very critical relation seeks to interrogate. But how else can critique do its job without risking the denunciations of those who naturalize and render hegemonic the very moral terms put into question by critique itself?

— Judith Butler, What is a critique? An Essay on Foucault

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