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La rencontre avec l’autre

Phénoménologie interculturelle dans l’Europe contemporaine

Edited By Claudio Cicotti and Sibilla Cuoghi

La rencontre avec l’autre est le thème fédérateur de cet ouvrage atypique, issu d’une expérience didactique originale mise en place par des professeurs issus de différentes disciplines. Le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, en tant que territoire où tant d’immigrés se sont rencontrés et cohabitent pacifiquement, a été choisi comme cadre idéal pour ce projet.

La formule choisie par les différents auteurs de ce volume se fait l’écho du dialogue interculturel qu’ils étudient et s’avère riche de sens. De nouvelles questions sur l’altérité, l’immigration et la rencontre de mentalités et cultures différentes émergent des différents textes qui composent cet ouvrage.

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International Migration and Human Rights in Europe. Centralized Responses to a Peripheral Problem (Harlan Koff)

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International Migration and Human Rights in Europe

Centralized Responses to a Peripheral Problem

Harlan KOFF

Professeur de politologie et sciences sociales à l’Université du Luxembourg

I. Introduction

Since the end of World War II, human rights have moved to the center of European and global political agendas. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights followed by regional measures, such as (especially) the European Convention on Human Rights, formalized human rights principles that had developed over centuries, embedded notions of human dignity in global geo-political debates, and created the bases for supranational judicial mechanisms for the protection of human rights (i.e. the European Court of Human Rights). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has become a fundamental reference text for citizens and leaders alike and is even the “most translated document” in the world1.

Of course, criticisms have also emerged during the sixty plus year history of the Universal Declaration, the most significant of which regards its so-called Western Liberal Democratic bias. Some scholars, such as Khushalani, etc. contend that all civilizations since the beginning of time have adopted notions of human rights. Conversely, defenders of the current Universal Declaration, such as Howard and Donnelly, etc. have applauded this Western approach. Howard and Donnelly argue that even though the concept of human dignity is present in all cultures and legal systems, human rights must be considered a distinct notion. They claim that human dignity regards the “inner (moral)...

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