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L’Europe et la question énergétique

Les années 1960/1980

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Alain Beltran, Éric Bussière and Giuliano Garavini

Au-delà des deux dates charnières de 1973 et 1979, il importe de considérer les évolutions qui ont touché l’Europe de l’ouest comme des mutations nécessaires dans un monde de moins en moins bipolaire. À travers ses épreuves et ses hésitations, la Communauté européenne construit malgré tout un parcours original dans le domaine énergétique. Consciente de ses faiblesses, elle n’a pas toutes les armes pour dépasser ses contradictions. Mais la période 1960/1980 lui permet au moins de poser les bases de solutions adaptées aux réalités du Vieux Continent.

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The EC, France and the International Energy Agency

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Marloes BEERS

Utrecht University

On 15 November 1974, the International energy agency (IEA) was established as an autonomous body within the framework of the OECD. The creation of this agency is often linked to the oil shock which started in October 1973. After Kissinger’s pledge for an international energy action group in December, the agency evolved via the February International Energy Conference in Washington. Most participants in Washington had agreed on an international action program to face the international energy problems. The ECG, an international Energy coordinating group, was formed to coordinate and lead this program.1 During the regular meetings, problems were analysed and possibilities for further international cooperation debated. In July 1974 the USA proposed to the other ECG members a more institutionalised cooperation including a scheme for the apportionment of oil supplies in an emergency. It was this International energy program (IEP) that, with small amendments, formed the basis for the establishment of the IEA in November.

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