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Federalism

A Political Theory for Our Time

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Edited By Lucio Levi, Giampiero Bordino and Antonio Mosconi

This volume is a collection of essays published between 1999 and 2015 in the review The Federalist Debate. The book highlights the issue of federalism intended as a theoretical paradigm to interpret the major problems of our age, and in particular the issues of peace and war in a world characterized by an uncontrolled globalization.

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Reconciling the Irreconcilable

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John PARRY

When asked to comment in July 2006 on the then current outbreak of hostilities between Israel and Hezbullah forces based in Lebanon, US President George Bush was quoted as saying that the ‘root cause’ was terrorism. He was wrong. Terrorism was, and is, a symptom of a malaise whose roots lie much deeper: firstly, in the injustice of centuries of anti-Semitism in Europe culminating in Hitler’s ‘Final Solution’ in which certain elements in the occupied European countries also took part; and, secondly, in the injustice suffered by the Palestinian people by the creation without their consent of an immigrant nation state in their midst, plus its consequences. These experiences have shaped the psychology of both Israelis and Palestinians and must be taken into account when discussing a possible future for the region.

Historically Jews were to be found in many parts of the Roman empire, particularly after the fall of Jerusalem in the year 135 AD, and under the emperor Caracalla’s constitution of 212 AD they acquired Roman citizenship. Ironically, it was the spread Christianity that brought increasing instances of religious discrimination against them, even leading in the early Middle Ages to forced conversions. But despite these injustices the Jewish faith and religious practices remained intact, reinforced by the emphasis they placed on education. Several were held in high esteem for their scholarship or their skill as physicians or astronomers.

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