Local Impacts of Regional Integration
Edited By Shirlita Espinosa and Antonella Fazio
This collection is a great contribution to the field of violence and security studies. It presents six comparative, cross-regional analyses of violence and security, with both theoretical contributions and empirical researches conducted in Mexico, Morocco, Colombia, South Africa and Brazil. The book looks at violence and security within the broader contexts of globalization and regionalization as forces that shape the way discourses are understood with very concrete real-life consequences. Articles in the collection also discuss identity politics, indigenous cultures, race and ethnicity, and mass media in relation to violence and security. The book is uniquely tri-lingual with articles written in English, Spanish and French, and it also includes a preface by RISC president Harlan Koff.
Violence: Global Solutions to a Global Problem?: Vanessa Barolsky
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Violence: Global Solutions to a Global Problem?
This paper investigates the growing number of reports on violence produced by a variety of global multi-lateral institutions over the last decade. The paper argues that this increase in global reports on violence is not simply a reflection of an empirical rise in violence but is instead the result of systemic processes of knowledge production that are deeply implicated with power and “produce the reality they seem to reflect” (Stern and Öjendal, 2010: 7). The paper therefore asks whether these “global” understandings and “global” responses to violence are in fact “global” as in universal or do they reflect the understandings and aspirations of a small number of powerful global actors? Hence this paper seeks to interrogate the discursive production of knowledge about violence in reports produced by global multi-lateral institutions that configure the world into zones of risk and disorder and zones of modernity and rationality, through claims to universal knowledge and “scientific” neutrality. The paper instead argues that the specificity of conditions in the global south1 in fact contest many of the assumptions embedded in this global knowledge production. At stake in these global constructions of knowledge are enormously significant funding flows that have the power to shape national states’ responses to violence and, which can also become the premise of international interventions that sometimes exacerbate, rather than alleviate violent conflict in arenas around the world.
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